The field of construction is one of the most important industries for most countries, which affects the efficiency of the entire management system, including the state of the environment. The importance of this industry for the economy of any country can be explained by the fact that capital construction creates a large number of jobs and is the main consumer of intermediate products and related services. Due to its economic importance, the results of the construction sector can significantly affect the development of the economy as a whole. The economic benefit of the development of this industry is the multiplier effect of funds invested in construction and interconnected processes. After all, with the development of the construction industry are developing: production of building materials and equipment for their manufacture, engineering, metallurgy and metalworking, petrochemistry, glass production, woodworking and porcelain industry, transport, energy and more. Also, construction creates the basis for the development of small and medium-sized businesses, thus creating new jobs. Thus, the growth of the construction industry contributes to the strengthening of the country’s economy and solves many social problems. The construction industry is one of the key sectors of any economy. For example, in the EU its share is 9% of GDP, while in Ukraine this value is at 3.97% of GDP, although with a gradual increase in recent years. It should be noted that construction consists of three main sectors: residential, non-residential (commercial and social) and infrastructure. In Europe, in 2016, 78% of all construction was residential and non-residential, and the remaining 22% were engineering structures.
This report talks through the current state of the construction industry in Ukraine and then goes on to illustrate and explain the problem that needs to be solved. The main conclusion of the document comes in the sections around ways to implement BIM for success and the expected results which this can deliver.
The Ministry of Communities and Territories is the Ukrainian government ministry responsible for public housing infrastructure development. The Ministry was established in 2005 as the Ministry of Construction, Architecture, Public Housing and Utilities. It also can be considered as a successor of the Ministry of Construction and Architecture that existed before 1994. In 2007-2010 the ministry was split into two: Ministry of Regional Development & Construction and Ministry of Public Housing and Utilities.
The purpose of adopting the order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “On approval of the Concept of implementation of technologies of construction information modelling (VIM-technologies) in Ukraine and approval of the action plan for its implementation” is to determine the principles and mechanisms for implementing state policy on the introduction of construction information modeling technologies as a tool for further reform, modernization and digital transformation of the construction industry of Ukraine.
The draft act proposes the introduction of phased, gradual modernization and digital transformation of the construction industry of Ukraine through the introduction of construction information modeling with the simultaneous creation of appropriate conditions, including the implementation of regulatory and regulatory and regulatory regulation of the processes of implementation of projects for the construction and operation of buildings and structures.
Dubai Municipality is one of the largest governmental institutions in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), it is considered as one of Dubais leading growth and development institutions in terms of its smart projects and services. Over the years, Dubai Municipality has excelled in managing 6 vital sectors. This has helped to make Dubai one of the most advanced and sustainable global cities. Dubai Municipality has also been able to expand and grow through 34 Departments, 126 sections and 4 Centres within an organizational structure that includes support and development offices and the persistent efforts of more than 11,000 employees and workers. The Dubai Municipality mission is to plan, develop and manage an excellent city that provides the essence of success and sustainable living.
Dubai Municipality released a circular updating its mandate regarding the usage of BIM systems across construction projects in the Emirate. Circular (207) is titled Regarding the expansion of applying the (BIM) on buildings and facilities in the emirate of Dubai. The circular is dated 23 July, 2015, and states Dubai Municipalitys intent to expand the usage of BIM. According to the circular, Dubai Municipalitys BIM mandate from 2013, issued through circular (196), has been succeeded by circular (207), as part of the civil bodys efforts to follow up on the latest construction trends from all over the world, for all the benefits that come to all the parts involved in this, from project owners to consulting firms and contractors and government departments. BIM is being encouraged because of how much it lowers the cost of construction projects and the time taken to finish them; and increases the level of coordination between the engineers working on designing and implementing the project, and their counterparts in the management and funding and manufacturing the project.
The latest circular aims to expand the usage of it (the technology) to include the following as part of the BIM mandate:
BIM Should be applied to the architectural and mechanical works for the following buildings:
– buildings that are above 20 floors.
– buildings and facilities and compounds with areas larger than 200 thousand square foot.
– buildings and special facilities like hospitals and universities and all that is similar to that.
– all governmental projects.
– all buildings and projects that are requested from a foreign office.
The circular also repeats the requirements of its previous circular, which would continue to stay in effect:
BIM should be applied to:
– Buildings that are above 40 floors.
– Building with areas larger than 300 thousand square feet.
– Specialised buildings such as hospitals, universities, and all that is similar to that.
– All buildings requested on behalf of a foreign office.
The Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE) publishes decrees by the Cortes Generales, Spain’s Parliament (comprising the Senate and the Congress of Deputies) as well as those orders enacted by the Spanish Autonomous Communities. This includes the official publishing of all Spanish judicial, royal and national governmental decrees, as well as any orders by the Council of Ministers. The General State Administration plans to strengthen the process of implementation and development of the BIM methodology in public procurement in the civil engineering and construction sector in Spain, incorporating BIM requirements in the tenders for civil engineering and public works contracts. Royal Decree 472/2019, published on the 2 August 2019, regulates the direct granting of subsidies to various professional associations and general councils of professional associations for training in the BIM methodology during the 2019 budget year.
Recently Spain has committed to carrying out information and training actions for the personnel in charge of implementing the Plan for the Incorporation of the BIM Methodology in public procurement in the General State Administration, as well as the promotion of the use of BIM in the professional and teaching field of construction. This is why it is necessary to promote the training of professionals in the sector in this collaborative methodology. In order for this training to be similar quantitatively and qualitatively for all professionals, it is considered necessary that it be developed by the respective Professional Associations and General Councils of Professional Associations as suitable bodies to guarantee its coordination and extension to the entire national territory, and to all professionals in the sector.