Implementation of BIM has proven to deliver major performance improvements in efficiency, design quality, constructability, waste reduction, environmental performance, and capital & operational cost management of built environment projects. Yet BIM implementation in low BIM maturity markets, such as the UAE, is limited to technology applications which fail to deliver the full potential of BIM benefits to client originations. The purpose of this paper is to investigate BIM implementation from a clients perspective and to present a case study that exhibits a level 2 BIM implementation process in a traditional procurement environment. The study has used a case study approach combined with a literature review. A critical appraisal of relevant literature is presented to highlight key issues hindering BIM implementation for client organizations, especially in developing BIM markets, such as the UAE. The research is collected using an action research approach within a case study, including project document audit, participation in project collaboration meetings and extensive communication with the project stakeholders. The case study is presented in a practice-oriented research format describing the project details, procurement approach, BIM development & management process and benefits achieved for the project client. The paper presents a structured approach to strategically introduce BIM within a low BIM maturity market, creating partnering relationships, empower the supply chain partners and achieve significant BIM benefits with minimum disruption to existing work practices. The paper highlights that although BIM requires a step-change in the work practices of the construction industry, yet it is possible to successfully implement BIM with traditional procurement settings, which may be a critical feature in a certain market or a client requirement. The paper concludes that there is a need for case study based, practice-oriented research work within the domain of BIM implementation. Construction clients in low maturity BIM markets are concerned about the perceived benefits of BIM and its practical implementation within existing business practices, which is addressed in this paper. Overall, the findings of this study are useful for construction industry clients and academia in redefining the existing work practices to incorporate BIM-enabled processes and applications.
This case study document was written by Muhammad Tariq Shafiq, Assistant Professor at United Arab Emirates University, Department of Architectural Engineering. Muhammad Tariq Shafiq is an Architectural Engineer, and his postgraduate qualifications include an MSc in Project Management in Construction from the University of Salford, UK, a PhD from the School of Built Environment, Northumbria University. He is a member of the Pakistan Engineering Council, a Fellow of Building Research Institute UK, and a certified BIM Manager from the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors (RICS).
The Construction Industry Council (CIC) of Hong Kong was set up with the main function of forging consensus on long-term strategic issues, conveying the industrys needs and aspirations to Government, as well as providing a communication channel for Government to solicit advice on all construction-related matters. The CIC developed itself as a Centre of Excellence for BIM, formulating strategies for market transformation and promoting cross-discipline collaboration and wider adoption of BIM. The CIC provides support to the industry in five aspects, promotion on BIM adoption, training, standards, guidelines and specifications, BIM personnel certification and BIM courses accreditation, and BIM-related researches using the CIC Research Fund.
Global Switch Hong Kong is a design and built Data Centre project at TKO. This is a real project example and case study of BIM for Design, Manufacturing and Assembly (DfMA). Global Switch Hong Kong is a project with a scope that includes substructure, superstructure, electrical and mechanical, façade, fit-out and maintenance works. It is currently the largest data centre in Hong Kong. As the main contractor, the company Gammon is responsible for all works, which are being delivered with the support of in-house expertise. The project makes full use of BIM for coordination and manufacturing, as well as handover throughout the different stages of the project’s life cycle.
The BICP (BIM Innovation Capability Programme) has pulled together a selection of case studies in order to share current knowledge and lessons learnt on BIM projects. A number of case studies, focusing on best practice affecting BIM on Irish projects in the Irish and international markets, are provided. The BICP aims to release a case study bi-monthly.
BIM case studies are grouped under the following headings:
- Design- Focused
- Construction Focused
- Client/Facilities Management Focused
- SME Focused.
The purpose of these guidelines (Riktlinje BIM i project) is to:
- Give recommendations to create the processes and undertake the organisational transformation that BIM projects require.
- Be an aid in the development of project-specific requirements for BIM.
- Create an opportunity for the organisation to use the model and information created in the project with the help of BIM.
The goals of using BIM in design, construction and later operations are to:
- Facilitate the exchange of information between all actors in a project, including the transfer of structured information for management.
- Ensure information quality at all levels.
- Coordinate the work of designers and contractors, by exchanging information in a consistent and structured way.
- Utilise various BIM benefits such as for quantity surveying, cost estimation, energy calculation as well as scheduling. In addition to this, BIM models can provide many other purposes and benefits such as to provide opportunities visualization and detailed studies.
It is the responsibility of each project manager to choose the application areas within BIM and to establish a project-specific BIM manual for controlling work process and information exchange. This should be done in consultation with all stakeholders.
BIM can be used in the project for orienteering information about the building, the technical information base, visualisation and surface calculation among others. In the long run, it will be possible to provide information to other databases within the company’s management.
Akademiska Hus AB, the Swedish Fortifications Agency, the Riksdag Administration, Specialfastigheter Sverige AB and The Swedish Real Estate Agency have agreed to cooperate in order to promote the development and use of BIM in management and construction projects. The five organisations have worked together to develop a uniform strategy for working with BIM. This BIM strategy document (Strategi för BIM i förvaltning och project) introduces a common way of working and includes requirements for the use of BIM in projects as well as collaboration on the implementation of BIM in project management. The purpose of the collaboration is partly a joint efficient use of resources in the development of the working method and partly to reach a common clear set of requirements that will lead to a more efficient information management process.
This document describes in general terms the background, vision, goals, format and action plan for BIM implementation. It also outlines how the management of the framework is intended for continued development and improvement. The need to be able to handle all information digitally is increasing all the time in the construction and real estate sector, the concept of BIM is now widely accepted. It is important to remember that BIM must be able to be used at all stages of a building’s lifecycle.
The EU BIM Task Group completed the important work of looking at the cost benefit of BIM in public tenders. The document aims to build the case for the introduction of BIM in public procurement for individual public projects by demonstrating costs and benefits from the perspective of public clients. It reflects the analysis performed during the project and the results obtained. It is conceived as an informative, easy-to-read guide meant to prepare the public stakeholders to apply the model developed for evaluating the costs and benefits of using BIM in public tenders.
The Cost-benefit Analysis (CBA) user Handbook is structured in five main chapters:
- Introduction to the topic, presenting the purpose of the handbook to public entities.
- Insights on the present status of BIM adoption in the public sector, through literature research, interviews and an on-line survey.
- Development of the CBA tool, describing the approach and methodology used to create it, including a step-by-step guide for using the tool.
- Practical implementation of the CBA tool in six case studies, representing various types of projects (small-scale infrastructures and buildings with differing budgets and covering diverse phases of the lifecycle), to show validation of the model.
- Conclusions of all the work performed.
The BIM Team of the Roads and Traffic Agency (Agentschap Wegen en Verkeer, AWV) is responsible for the elaboration of the necessary BIM engagement documents, such as the BIM protocol and the BIM execution plan. The BIM execution plan for infrastructure projects has been prepared thanks to the insights and information from the AWV’s BIM pilot projects. The Belgian BIM protocol, drawn up by the BIM & ICT Technical Committee of the Belgian Building Research Institute (BBRI), was also a source of inspiration in realising the BIM execution plan.
The BIM execution plan, focused on infrastructure projects, aims to provide practical guidelines for BIM adoption in projects. The general guidelines for a BIM-oriented collaboration are included in the AWV BIM-protocol; the project-specific BIM execution plan takes a closer look at the practicalities of BIM collaboration. The requirements, specifications and practical agreements in the BIM execution plan only apply on the specific project or contract. Typical of a BIM execution plan is also that the practical agreements can be further updated during the project, should this be necessary.
This website, updated on a quarterly basis, offers presentations of public sector’s pilot projects in the Czech Republic.
In 2020, the Tri An Extended Hydropower Plant Project agreed to implement BIM technology to its operations, upon being chosen as a BIM pilot project with the UK Global Infrastructure Programme. The project is intended to prove the effectiveness of BIM, which is expected to be widely implemented throughout the largest power company in the country, Vietnam Electricity.